Hybrids, BEV, EV, PHEV, Self-charging?
In an industry full of acronyms, it seems we couldn't resist creating a few more. If you're unsure of the difference then you're in the right place.
EV (Electric Vehicle) or BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle)
These are fully electric vehicles which have no traditional engine. At the end of a long journey, you need to be certain that there's somewhere you can plug-in. Charge times vary depending on the vehicles and the charging station you visit. At home it could take several hours to fully recharge your vehicle.
Example vehicles - Volvo XC40 recharge, Nissan Leaf, Tesla model 3.
PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle)
Part electric and part petrol (or diesel). These vehicles can run, for short distances, as fully electric vehicles but will probably spend most of a journey using a traditional engine. Typically the electric motor will activate at lower speeds, such as city centres, to reduce emissions. These vehicles can be plugged-in to recharge or recharge during your journey using the petrol engine though this does affect fuel economy.
Example vehicles - Mitsubishi Outlander, BMW 330E, Mini Countryman PHEV
These vehicles are also capable of running on electric or petrol/diesel. The electric engine is typically used at lower speeds but most of a journey would be petrol-powered. These vehicles cannot be plugged in and rely on the petrol engine to recharge, hence the term 'self charging'.
Example vehicles - Toyota CH-R, Lexus CT-200h
Below is a table the highlights the potential savings that company car drivers can make with EVs and PHEVs versus a traditional diesel powered vehicle.